Ganado Trading Post Navajo Rug

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Weaver Unknown

This Navajo rug has all the characteristics of one from the 1930s. The light background was woven from natural sheep wool carded from black and white wool, resulting in wonderful variations in shades throughout. Typically, a weaver spins and cards enough wool for a few day's weaving, then does more a few days later, resulting in slight variations in color. Such variations add tremendously to the appeal of a rug because there are variations throughout the textile. Additionally, a few visible "lazy lines" confirm the handmade nature of the rug.

The central design is a series of diamonds with serrated edges, executed in yarn colors of white, red, and brown. The serrated edges required an immense amount of extra time over that of straight edges. Only an accomplished weaver could and would execute so many of these serrations.

The four corners of the design field contain a pair of bars with serrated edges and executed with white, red, and brown yarns. A dark brown border encircles the textile. The edges of the textile contain two additional borders, each outlined with thin orange wool. A distinctive feature of the rug's borders at Ganado during this period is the difference between the sides and the edges. They can be completely different as well illustrated in this textile. Another feature at Ganado during this period is the serrated edges of designs.

A useful way of remembering which is warp and which is weft is: 'one of them goes from weft to wight'.

Warp and Weft:  In weaving, the weft (sometimes woof) is the term for the thread or yarn which is drawn through, inserted over-and-under, the lengthwise warp yarns that are held in tension on a frame or loom to create cloth. Warp is the lengthwise or longitudinal thread in a roll, while weft is the transverse thread. A single thread of the weft, crossing the warp, is called a pick. Terms do vary (for instance, in North America, the weft is sometimes referred to as the fill or the filling yarn).  Each individual warp thread in a fabric is called a warp end or end.  The weft is a thread or yarn usually made of spun fibre. The original fibres used were wool, flax or cotton. Today, man-made fibres are often used in weaving. Because the weft does not have to be stretched on a loom in the way that the warp is, it can generally be less strong.  The weft is threaded through the warp using a "shuttle", air jets or "rapier grippers." Hand looms were the original weaver's tool, with the shuttle being threaded through alternately raised warps by hand.  A useful way of remembering which is warp and which is weft is: 'one of them goes from weft to wight'.  -Wikipedia


Condition: the rug is in good condition for one of its age

Provenance: this Ganado Trading Post Navajo Rug is from the collection of a gentleman from California

Reference: One Hundred Years of Navajo Rugs by Marian E. Rodee, ("Chapter 7. Lorenzo Hubbell of Ganado and His Trading Empire")

TAGS: textilesNavajo Nation

Alternate close up view of this Navajo textile.

 

Weaver Unknown
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