Hopi Pueblo Second Mesa Coiled Pictorial Shallow Basketry Plaque

C4261C-basket.jpg

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Weaver Unknown
  • Category: Trays and Plaques
  • Origin: Hopi Pueblo, Hopituh Shi-nu-mu
  • Medium: grasses, yucca, devil’s claw
  • Size: 13” diameter x 3” deep
  • Item # C4261C
  • Price: $950.00

The Hopi from Second Mesa villages of Shungopavi, Shipaulovi, and Mishongnovi have made coiled basketry for more than a hundred years and those made today are made in the same manner as before. Galleta grass is gathered in July and August for use as the foundation or warp of the basket. Traditionally, the leaves of the Yucca plant, which will be used for the weft of the basket, are not gathered until after the katsinas depart the mesa in mid-July. Now, however, so few yucca plants grow on the reservation, the women go as far as Santa Fe, New Mexico, to gather yucca leaves, so the restriction on gathering them before Niman Ceremony does not apply.

In this plaque, the four bottom center coils are wound with dark yellow yucca split leaves. The remaining eleven coils are wound with yucca leaves that have been sun bleached. The outer black rim is wrapped in devil's claw. At the top of the head of the war god image is imbricated yucca. Earrings were made from wrapped yucca strips and inserted into the coils during the weaving process.

Shown here is an image of how a coiled plaque is made from grassses and yucca.

Shown here is an image of how a coiled plaque is made from grassses and yucca.

The images on this coiled plaque are those of Pö-ökang-Hoya, one of the two Little War Gods, and Koyemsi or Mudheads, neither of which is technically a katsina.

Pö-ökang-hoya, is one of two War Gods. His companion War God is Palö-ngao-hoya. The images on the plaque are of Pö-ökang-hoya. "Both war gods are depicted as young boys, but yet as warriors. Pö-ökang-hoya wears a skull cap with feathers. His face is painted black with two vertical white lines, warrior symbols, on his cheeks." Colton,1959/81

The Koyemsi, or Mudhead, is categorized in the clown realm, however, he is not a clown in the sense of what we think. He is much more important as an interlocutor between katsinas and humans. Although not considered to be a katsina, the Koyemsi do wear masks. "The Koyemsi appear in performances where they do feats of magic, wrestle with the Water Serpents, engage in games with ritualized content, appear as puppets, accompany the Sio Salako, and fetch wood. Clowns perform none of these activities." Wright, 2004:72

Condition: this Hopi Pueblo Second Mesa Coiled Pictorial Shallow Basketry Plaque is in very good condition

Provenance: from a gentleman from Colorado

Reference:

Colton, Harold S. Hopi Kachina Dolls with a Key to their Identification. 1959

- Wright, Barton. Clowns of the Hopi: Tradition Keepers and Delight Makers. 2004

Relative Links: Hopi IndiansKatsinabaskets, Earrings

Close up view of this Hopi Basket.